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Ata-Darvaza (1842-1975) - Ichan-Kala Ata-Darvaza (1842-1975) - Ichan-Kala The main gate of Ichan-Kala located in the western part of the city. Inside there were 43 stalls and a covered bazaar - Chorsu. Also inside there were tax collectors' rooms ("Badzhkhana"), money exchange rooms ("sar-rafkhana"). As being beyond repair the gate was demolished in 1920 and restored to their original look only in 1975. On the right is Muhammad Aminkhan's madrasah, on the left - Kunya Ark (Old fortress). Size: height -10m, width - 4m. More >>

Bagcha-Darvaza (19th century) - (Ichan-Kala) Bagcha-Darvaza (19th century) - (Ichan-Kala) The northern gate of Ichan-Kala is a chambered building of bilateral symmetrical design built in the fortress wall. The southern facade, facing Ichan-Kala, is less impressive. Though similar in design, it is reduced in size and the revak is missing. Unlike Tash-Darvaza, the stairways leading upward stand out from the interior of monolithic southern corner towers and are placed on their sides, deep inside the wall of Ichan-Kala. Size: on the plan - 18,0 x 16,0 m; height - 8,5 m. More >>

Palvan-Darvaza (1804-1806) - (Ichan-Kala) Palvan-Darvaza (1804-1806) - (Ichan-Kala) The eastern gate of Ichan-Kala also used as trade stalls. The gate looks like "dash kucha" (a stone corridor). The structure is stretched from west to east, the facades are shaped as arch portals, with six domes blocking the passageway and side arches accommodating trading stalls, two on each side. At the entrance, from the side of Ichan-Kala, there is an inscription reading "Shakhri Khiva" (Khiva city), where letters stand for figures giving the construction date as 1221, i.e. 1806 AD. This is the oldest part of the building, which is connected with Anushakhan bath-house and blocked with two small domes. The gate was finished by Allakulykhan in 1835. To the right of the gate at the exit from Ichan-Kala there used to be a slave market until 1873 and niches inside the gate were where fugitive and rebellious slaves were awaiting their lot. To the right of the gate at the exit from Ichan-Kala there used to be a slave market down to1873 and niches inside the gate were where fugitive and rebellious slaves were awaiting their lot. There were also usages to read the Khan farmans (decrees) and punished criminals at front at this gate. Hence the name for the gate, which, among ordinary people, were known as Pashshab darvaza (the Executioners Gate), Kul darvaza (the Slaves Gate). Size: on the plan - 51.76 x 17.5 meters; big domes 5.2 m. in diameter; two smaller domes - 4.5 m.; stalls - 2.8 x 4.4 m. More >>

Tash-Darvaza (30-40th of the 19th century-1873) - (Ichan-Kala) Tash-Darvaza (30-40th of the 19th century-1873) - (Ichan-Kala) The southern gate of Ichan-Kala, built in the 30-40s of the 19th century during the reign of Allakulykhan. This is a six-chamber structure with a two-dome passageway along the central axis. On each side of the passageway there are four domed customs and guards rooms. The gate was used by caravans coming from the Caspian Sea. The southern main facade is flanked with massive towers on the sides and the northern - with decorative guldasta. Size: on the plan - 9.7x17 m; height - 9.3 m. More >>

The walls of Ichan-Kala - (Ichan-Kala) The walls of Ichan-Kala - (Ichan-Kala) The municipal walls are a rare example of medieval fortifications that lasted till the present; they also give the city the air of majesty. The city of Khiva was surrounded by two walls - Ichan-Kala and Dishan-Kala, which makes it different from other places. Ichan-Kala foundation was built between 5th and 4th century BC rising over the level of Dishan-Kala, probably due to the natural relief (according to the legends, the city was founded on a sand hill) The municipal walls made of adobe bricks (40x40x10 cm) were rebuilt several times in the course of centuries. Ichan-Kala wall is 8 till 10 meters high, 6 till 8 meters wide and 2250 meters long. There are massive round defensive towers protruding out of Ichan-Kala walls at the interval of 30 meters. The top of the walls and towers is lined with toothed parapet with slit loopholes to fight off attackers during a siege. The system of defensive fortifications included water-filled ditches; even now traces of those ditches can be noticed in the micro-relief in the south area while asphalt streets cover former ditches in the north and west. More >>

Hasan Murad Kushbegi Mosque (1800) - (Ichan-Kala) Hasan Murad Kushbegi Mosque (1800) - (Ichan-Kala) The Khasan Murad Kushbegi Mosque (the chief of the Khan's security detail) was built in the late 18th century. Located behind the Musa Tura Madrasah at Ichan-Kala, it was jointly erected by Khasan Murad Kushbegi and his relative Shah Niyaz. However, the mosque only bears Khasan Murad Kashbegi's name. It is a small quadrangular mosque laid out as a living quarters. In the north the rectangular structure a narrow courtyard, summer avian and winter mosque. In the northeastern corner there is a minaret built inside a structure adjacent to the tarahat-khana. Restored in 1997. More >>

Shaikh Mukhtar Ata Mosque (1810-1835) - (Ichan-Kala) Shaikh Mukhtar Ata Mosque (1810-1835) - (Ichan-Kala) Is a mahalli (quarter) mosque and is adjacent to the northern section of the Pahlavan Mahmud mausoleum and was built in 1810-1835. The mosque consists of winter premises, taharathana (a body washing room for the dead) and a tall summer single-column avian (gallery). Restored in 1997. More >>

Gandimyan-Darvaza (1842-1970) - (Dishan-Kala) Gandimyan-Darvaza (1842-1970) - (Dishan-Kala) Named after a nearby village where the Gandimyan Treaty was signed in 1873 making the Khiva Khanate a part of the Russian Empire. Torn down to make space for a cotton-processing factory, the Gandimyan Gate was fully reconstructed during the 1970s from old drafts and photographs. More >>

Khazarasp-Darvaza (19th century) - (Dishan-Kala) Khazarasp-Darvaza (19th century) - (Dishan-Kala) A mud house of the early 19th century was built anew in 1842 from baked bricks during the construction of Deshan-qala walls and under Allakulikhan's reign. The gate consists of two mighty watchtowers flanking an open wide passageway on the road to Yangiarik. The passageway is crowned with a through arch gallery with a parapet on one side with ornate merlons above it - the only decorative feature of the gate, which, despite the facial nature of the composition strike with expressive forms and silhouette. The gate connects Khiva with Yangiarok, Bagat, Khanki and Khazarasp. Size: on the plan 23.5x6.5 m; height 12.2 m. More >>

Kosh-Darvaza (1912) - (Dishan-Kala) Kosh-Darvaza (1912) - (Dishan-Kala) The Northern gate of Dishan-Kala on the road to Urgench, built in the early 20th century. The facades are flanked with three cylindrical towers, with two arch passageways between them and a traditional gallery with merloned parapets on each side. Service rooms are located on both sides of the passageway. The gate's main facades are decorated with horizontal brick mosaic on the towers and on top of the revak. Small domes on the towers are decorated with blue tile. Size: on the plan 25x17 m, height - 9.45 m. More >>

The walls of Dishan-Kala (1842) - (Dishan-Kala) The walls of Dishan-Kala (1842) - (Dishan-Kala) Erected in 1842 by Allakulikhan for protection against attacks from Yomud Turkmen. According to poet and translator Agakhi, Allakulikhan built the walls of Dishan-Kala in 3 years making all his subjects to work unpaid for 12 days every year. More than 200,000 people took part in the wall's construction. The wall had 10 gates. Size: length - 5,650 m; height - 6-8 m; thickness of the foundation - 4-6 m. More >>

Ak Mosque (1838-1842) - (Ichan-Kala) Ak Mosque (1838-1842) - (Ichan-Kala) The Aq Mosque is part of an ensemble near the eastern gate of Ichan-Kala. Foundation laid in 1657 simultaneously with the Anush Khan bath-houses. Judging by inscriptions on the mosque doors, the building dates back to 1838-42. The inscriptions also mention the names of the Khiva master woodcarvers Nur Muhammad, the son of Adin Kalandar, Kalandar, the son of Seyid Muhammad, The mosque is essentially a mahalli (quarter) - type structure with a domed hall with a three-sided aivan (gallery). The southern wall contains a mihrab-nich orienting the worshipers towards Mecca. More >>

Bagbanli Mosque (1809) - (Ichan-Kala) Bagbanli Mosque (1809) - (Ichan-Kala) The Bogbonli lies in the southeastern part of Ichan-Kala. According to an inscription on the avian wall, the mosque dates back to the year 1809 (1224 of Hijra), which also denotes the date and name of master Pakhlavan-kuli who designed the whole building written out in verse on a stone plaque east of the mosque entrance. The doors feature the name of another woodcarver - Ruz Muhammad, the son of Adin Muhammad, the man who decorated the carved door leading to the zariat-khana of Sheikh Mukhtar-Vali's mausoleum in the village of Astana in the Yangiaryk district. Legend has it that the mosque was built on money donated by two horticulturist brothers. The mosque has a rectangular shape and consists of a darvaz-khana lined by a pair of taharat-khanami, a twin-column avian and a domed winter quarters. The aivan's carved wood columns are of great artistic value and whose ornamentation brings to mind the 14th century columns seen at the Dzhuma Mosque. More >>

Dzhuma Mosque (10th century, 1788) - (Ichan-Kala) Dzhuma Mosque (10th century, 1788) - (Ichan-Kala) According to the Arab geographer Mukaddasiy, the Dzhuma Mosque dates back to the 10th century. The mosque as it is now was built on money donated by Khan Abdurakhman Mekhtar's officials in the later 18th century. Historian Munis attests much to the same fact. The mosque is a unique structure without portals, domes, galleries and courtyard. The mosque can be accessed from on three sides. In the northern side opening on Palvan Kari Street features a 33 meter tall minaret. Inside there is a large hall with the ceiling resting on 213 wood columns. There are small openings in the ceiling for lighting and ventilation. The southern wall features a stalactite-filled niche and to its right there is a marble plaque detailing the mosque's earnings and lands. Of special interest are variously dated hand-carved doors and columns, dated back to 1316, 1517 1788 and 1789. More >>

Yar Muhammad Devan (18th century) - (Ichan-Kala) Yar Muhammad Devan (18th century) - (Ichan-Kala) The Yar Muhammad Devan Mosque (Sayidata) of 18th century was built by Yar-Muhammad Devan. It stands right behind the Sayid Alavudin mausoleum with the Abdurasulbai Madrasah adjoining its eastern wall. The mosque's structural composition combines a domed hall and a high flat avian. On the layout the mosque is an offset rectangle with both sides of the avian edged westwards; probably because it was added later to the main cube-shapes structure the architects had to account for the small structure next to the north-west entrance which would have created certain problem. More >>

Sayid Niyaz Shalikarbai Mosque and Madrasah - (Dishan-Kala) Sayid Niyaz Shalikarbai Mosque and Madrasah - (Dishan-Kala) The complex was built in 1830-40 by a local merchant Sayid Niyaz Shalikarbai who, as is evident from his name - shalikar, meaning a rice grower - specialized on the production and sale of rice. The complex is located in the Dishan-Kala not far from the Palvan-Darvaza gate. Just like the Djuma Mosque, the Sayid Niyaz Shalikarbai Mosque served as a Friday Mosque. It is the city's second mosque after Djuma. The compact complex features a nine-dome winter mosque, a tall four-column avian with a backyard, a two-story pointed madrasah and a tall minaret rising up in between. Open to worshipers. More >>

Atadzhan-tura Mosque and Madrasah (1893-1899) - (Khiva District) Atadzhan-tura Mosque and Madrasah (1893-1899) - (Khiva District) The Atajan Tura Mosque and Madrasah were built in 1893-99 by the young brother of Sayid Muhammad Rahimkhan II (Feruz) Atajan Tura who was briefly declared Khan during the Russian siege of the city. On June 1 1873 Atajan Tura wrote a letter to the legitimate Khan Sayid Muhammad Rahim on request from the first Governor-General of Turkistan Kaufman asking him to get back to Khiva. On August 12 1873 the Khiva Khanate and Russia signed the Gandimyan Treaty. The complex comprises a summer and winter mosques, a madrasah, a school, a bathhouse etc. They are now fully restored and serve as a folk arts center. More >>

Abdulla Khan Madrasah (1855) - (Ichan-Kala) Abdulla Khan Madrasah (1855) - (Ichan-Kala) The Madrasah is located on the western side of Aq mosque. It was built by Abdulla Khan's mother in 1855 in honor of Murad Inaq's son who had been killed at the age of 17 in the fight against Turkmen yomuds. The Madrasah was constructed with a lot of deviations from the canonic madrasah design. Rectangular when viewed from above, with guldasta towers on the corners, is elongated along the east-west direction and symmetrical on the whole. Contrary to the custom, there are two entrances to the madrasah. More >>

Abdurasulbay Madrasah (1906) - (Ichan-Kala) Abdurasulbay Madrasah (1906) - (Ichan-Kala) The Madrasah is adjoining the southeastern corner of Yar Muhammad Divan Mosque. It was built with the money of Abdurasulbay, nephew of Muhammad Niyaz Mirzabashi (Kamil Khorezmi), a great poet, composer and translator. The Madrasah is elongated along the east-west direction. The entrance part, placed in the center between two yards, consists of two longitudinally oriented domed sections with side exits to Madrasah yards. Two Abdurasulbay's deceased daughters were buried in two hujras. More >>

Allah Kuli Madrasah (1834 to 1835) - (Ichan-Kala) Allah Kuli Madrasah (1834 to 1835) - (Ichan-Kala) The madrasah is located in the space between the tim and the eastern gate Palvan-Darvaza. Its main facade faces the yard of Hojashberdibiy Madrasah. Viewed from above, the madrasah is a rectangle with a four-ayvan two-storey yard and beveled corners. Several hudjras of the first floor above the vestibule housed the municipal library founded by Allah Kuli, which provided books for students from all Khiva madrasahs. The library was maintained at the account of income from Caravanserai and Allah Kuli Khan's tim. While there is nothing particular in the Allah Khan Madrasah architecture, it is quite impressive due to the concentrated it of the main and yard facades. Predominant is Khorezm-type majolica in dark-white and blue colors; pictures in black contours are in tympanums as well as in the frames of the double arcade and three quarter columns of the portal. More >>

Amir Tura Madrasah (1870) - (Ichan-Kala) Amir Tura Madrasah (1870) - (Ichan-Kala) Located in the north part of Ichan-Kala in Tashpolatov Street, it was built by Muhammad Rahimkhan's I son Amir Tura, brother of Sayyid Muhammad Rahimkhan II. Amir Tura was granted a high position of Amirul-ulamo, i.e., leader of ulamo. The madrasah is a large-sized building, two-storied on the facade side and one-storey construction in the yard. It is rectangular when viewed from above, with four guldastas on the corners, and oriented along the longitudinal axis in the west-east direction. The facade was not decorated because Russian troops invaded Khiva. The building was restored in 1983. More >>

Arab Muhammad Khan Madrasah (1616. 1838) - (Ichan-Kala) Arab Muhammad Khan Madrasah (1616. 1838) - (Ichan-Kala) This madrasah is located to the west of Muhammad Amin Inaq Madrasah. Initially there was a small carcass-type madrasah built by a famous Khiva woman. Arab Muhammad Khan bought this madrasah from this woman together with the adjacent land and in 1616 built a new one-storey madrasah of baked bricks to commemorate the fact of Khiva becoming the capital of Khorezm instead of Kuya Urgench. As the building became dilapidated, in 1838 during the reign of Allah Kuli Khan it was reconstructed in the manner typical for late Khiva madrasahs. Presently it is a one-yard, two-storey symmetric building. The main entrance is marked by a strict portal. Cylinder-shaped guldasta towers with arched lanterns are erected at the corners. The winter hall of the mosque is in the northwestern corner while the summer mosque is at the longitudinal axis facing the yard. More >>

Atajanbay Madrasah (1884) - (Ichan-Kala) Atajanbay Madrasah (1884) - (Ichan-Kala) It is located between Mazari Sharif Madrasah and Russian school. It built by a prosperous Khiva's landowner Atajanbay. The Madrasah has an irregular design. Its contour is sub rectangular viewed from above, elongated in transverse direction from the east to the west, asymmetrical with respect to the entrance in the southern wall. Adjacent to its northwestern wall is Mazari Sharif Madrasah; there is internal passage between the two. These two madrasahs look like a single complex. More >>

Dost Alyam Madrasah (1882) - (Ichan-Kala) Dost Alyam Madrasah (1882) - (Ichan-Kala) It is located in front of the northeastern corner of Arabkhan Madrasah. The Madrasah was built with the money of Dost Alyam, a jurist at the court of Khiva's Khan Muhammed Rahimkhan II. Mostly jurists and lawyers were trained at the Madrasah. It is a small one-storey building, rectangular when viewed from above, with guldasta towers on the corners and elongated in transverse direction with respect to the central north-south axis. Khudaybergen Haji supervised the construction and Kalandar Kochim was the foreman. Presently the Madrasah houses a woodcarving shop. More >>

Hajash Marama Madrasah (1839) - (Ichan-Kala) Hajash Marama Madrasah (1839) - (Ichan-Kala) Hajash Marama Madrasah or Hojash Makhram, located at the western side Dzhuma mosque, was co stricter by Hojash Makhram, one of Allah Kuli Khan's advisors. It is comparatively small one storey asymmetrically designed building with protruding darskhana room at the northeaster corner. The madrasah consists of a yard surrounded by 12 hudjras, darskhana, winter and summer mosques. It does not follow the canonic design for this type of buildings. More >>

Hojashberdibiya Madrasah (1688-1834) - (Ichan-Kala) Hojashberdibiya Madrasah (1688-1834) - (Ichan-Kala) It was erected in 1688 in Ichan-Kala near the eastern gate Palvan-Darvaza in front of Allah Kuli Khan Madrasah. In 1834 Allah Kuli Khan constructed a new big madrasah, and the existing one was partially pulled down and radically rebuilt. As a result, two small yards formed, and the private madrasah got another name - Hurjun - because it resembled a leather saddlebag called hurjun. The madrasah consists of two yards of different size, a darvaza khana separating them, 16 hujras and domed square-shaped room - darskhana. The madrasah is decorated with carved front doors where the date of its initial construction can be found. More >>

Islam Khodja Madrasah (1910) - (Ichan-Kala) Islam Khodja Madrasah (1910) - (Ichan-Kala) It is located next to Islam Khodja minaret. It was built with the money of Isfandiyar Khan's minister Islam Khodja. Masters Bolta Vaisov and Madaminov from the kishlak Madyr decorated it with glazed tiles comprising the pictures made by master Ish-Muhammad Khudayberdiyev. Islam Khodja Madrasah is a special architectural complex reflecting the influence of time and spirit of ethnic craftsmen's creative inspiration. Rather small maze of constructions manages to include a complicated space of the Madrasah with 42 hujras, a large domed hall and a tall minaret. The architect's skills can be seen in the ability to create a contrast combination of architectural forms carefully using the limited area. That is why hujras arch is not prominent, side towers are thin and the yard is small in size. The mikhrab niche of the mosque is decorated with majolica and carved ganch. More >>

Kazy Kalyan Madrasah (1905) - (Ichan-Kala) Kazy Kalyan Madrasah (1905) - (Ichan-Kala) It is located in front of the northwestern corner of Dzhuma Mosque. It was built by Salim Akhun, Khan's Chief Judge. Though this Madrasah is not as large and beautiful as others, it used different education methods. In addition to religious disciplines it taught law and taxation, i.e., legal sciences. Presently there is a Museum of the Musical Art of Khorezm. More >>

 Matniyaz Devan-begi Madrasah (1871) - (Ichan-Kala) Matniyaz Devan-begi Madrasah (1871) - (Ichan-Kala) It is located in front of the eastern walls of Muhammad Rahimkhan Madrasah. It was erected by Muhammad Rahimkhan II's finance minister (devan begi) Muhammad Niyaz. The Madrasah is rectangular, oriented along the longitudinal axis in west-east direction. The main facade, which faces Muhammad Rahimkhan Madrasah is traditional: a high portal with a pentahedral niche in the center with guldastas on the corners. The portal is decorated with majolica; guldasta domes are covered I with small green bricks, and the foundations, with blue, white and green bricks in I geometric patterns. The Madrasah consists of 10 hujras, darskhana, winter and summer mosques. More >>

Matpanabay Madrasah (1905) - (Ichan-Kala) Matpanabay Madrasah (1905) - (Ichan-Kala) The Madrasah is located in the northern part of Dzhuma mosque. It was built with the money of one of Khan Matpanabay's officials. The construction was supervised by Khudaybergen Khodja and Kalandar Kochim. When viewed from above, the Madrasah has sub rectangular shape and is symmetrical with respect to the central east-west axis, with the exception of one detail: there is a room missing in the north-western corner. The main facade is emphasized with a small portal and unpronounced relief of the niche arcade separation. More >>

Matrasulboy Mirzaboshi Madrasah (1905) - (Ichan-Kala) Matrasulboy Mirzaboshi Madrasah (1905) - (Ichan-Kala) It is located opposite the western walls of Shirghazi Khan Madrasah. It was built by Muhammad Rasul Mirzabashi, the son of poet and composer Muhammad Niyaz Mirzabashi (Kamil Khorezmi). Muhammad Rasul Mirzabashi was born in 1839, received primary education from his father Kamil Khorezmi and later graduated from a madrasah and Russian school. Kazy Abdullah taught him languages. He perfectly spoke Persian and Arabic and was very good at classic Oriental Poetry. In 1906, with the help of his father he defined tambour notes for the first time in Middle Asia. More >>

 Mazari Sharif Madrasah (1882) - (Ichan-Kala) Mazari Sharif Madrasah (1882) - (Ichan-Kala) Is located southeast of Pahlavan Mahmud complex, it was built by foreman Kalandar Kochim on the order of Muhammad Rahimkhan II. Atajanbay Madrasah adjoins Mazari Sharif Madrasah on the eastern side. The entrance to the Madrasah is organized at the southern butt wall through a single vestibule room, which is a cross-shaped domed hall opening onto the yard with a large arch. There is no decor with the only exception of the entrance portal composed of doubled brickwork with inserted green decoration bricks. More >>

Muhamad Amin Inaq Madrasah (1785) - (Ichan-Kala) Muhamad Amin Inaq Madrasah (1785) - (Ichan-Kala) It is located opposite the western corner of Tash Khauli. It was built by Muhammad Amin Inaq. His small son Qutli Murad (Bala Khan) who had been killed in the struggle for the throne was buried in the madrasah. The shape of the construction site affected the building architecture; rectangular if viewed from above, it has a frontal composition and is elongated in the transverse direction. Nevertheless, the general principle of placing living hujras around the yard and public halls at the entrance part was preserved. The well-proportioned portal is flanked by one-storied wings divided into two sections by dead niches with towers - guldasts - on the corners. More >>

 Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasah (1855) - (Ichan-Kala) Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasah (1855) - (Ichan-Kala) The Madrasah is located in the western part of Ichan-Kala. Muhammad Amin-Khan Madrasah is the largest two-storey madrasah not only in Khiva but also in comparison to other buildings in the Middle Asia. In addition to being an important spiritual school was possessing substantial vaquf property and income, it also housed the registry office of the Highest Muslim Court. The architecture of the Madrasah is quite remarkable: here, for the first time in Khiva, comfortable two-room residential hujras were built on the ground floor, as well as loggias in hijras facing the outer facades on the first floor. The madrasah facades are decorated with glazed tiles. Presently it houses a hotel, tourist agency, exchange office, air ticket office and cafe. More >>

 Muhammad Rakhimkhan II Madrasah (1871) - (Ichan-Kala) Muhammad Rakhimkhan II Madrasah (1871) - (Ichan-Kala) It is located to the east of Kunya Ark Citadel. The Khans full name was Sayyid Muhammad Rahim Bakhadur Khan (people called him Madrimkhan II). He wrote poems under the pseudonym Feruz and ordered the madrasah construction which was completed in 1876. Muhammad Rahimkhan Madrasah is one of the biggest in Khiva and the most famous one in the Middle Asia. Construction of a large madrasah with 76 hujras was a logical continuation of Muhammad Rahimkhan's educational activities. The Madrasah consists of two yards with one-storey hujra cells in the inner yard. Further in the yard is a two-storey building with a high portal of the Madrasah main facade. Inside is the main yard with a row of arched hujras. The vestibule consists of eight domed sections in a bent passage, the largest number among madrasahs in the Middle Asia. The Madrasah consists of darskhana, library, winter and summer mosques. Majolica is generously used in tympanums, ornamental stripes and three quarter columns on the facade. The brickwork used is paired terracotta bricks with green stripes. More >>

Musa Tura Madrasah (1841) - (Ichan-Kala) Musa Tura Madrasah (1841) - (Ichan-Kala) This Madrasah is located in the center of Ichan-Kala next to Yussuf Yassulbashi Madrasah. It was built in 1841 by Musa Tura, the son of Rakhmankuli Inaq, who in his turn was the grandson of Muhammad Rakhim I and Allah Kuli Khan's nephew. Descendants of the Khan's dynasty were titled Tura. In 1855 Musa Tura was killed at the war with Turkmen yomuds and buried in the madrasah. The madrasah is trapezium-shaped when viewed from above, elongated in south-north direction. The madrasah consists of two yards, a vestibule of two domes, hujras, mosque and darskhama. The madrasah was restored and houses a craft shop now. More >>

Qutlugh Murad Inaq Madrasah (1804 to 1812) - (Ichan-Kala) Qutlugh Murad Inaq Madrasah (1804 to 1812) - (Ichan-Kala) The Madrasah is located in the eastern part of Ichan-Kala in front of Hojashberdibiy madrasah. It was erected by Allah Kuli Khan's uncle Qutlugh Murad Inaq between 1804 and 1812. According to the legends, Qutlugh Murad Inaq expressed a wish to be buried in the madrasah that he had built. However, he died in Dishan-Kala; it was considered to be a bad sign to bring the deceased into Ichan-Kala through the city gate. That's why the clergy used a clever trick: Ichan-Kala walls at the eastern gate were pulled down to include the madrasah into the Dishan-Kala territory. The body was carried through the gap in the wall and buried in the madrasah entrance part under the floor of the central vestibule room. It was the first completely two-storey madrasah in Khiva comprising 81 hujras. The building is composed along the longitudinal axis with a four-ayvan yard and connected with residential hudjras for students and teachers. There is a well - sardoba - covered with a dome in the yard. Qutlugh Murad Inaq madrasah is the only monument in Khiva where non-glazed relief-stamped terracotta was used. Corner guldasta of the main facade are deco-rated with terracotta tiles with non-recurring pattern - guirikh. More >>

Shergazi Khan Madrasah (1718 to 1726) - (Ichan-Kala) Shergazi Khan Madrasah (1718 to 1726) - (Ichan-Kala) It is located in the center of Ichan-Kala in front of the entrance to Pahlavan Mahmud Mausoleum. It was erected by slaves captured in 1718 by Sberghazi Khan during his raid on Korasan and Meshkhed; together with the loot 5,000 slaves were brought from there. Sherghazi Khan promised to free the slaves after the construction of the madrasah was finished but did everything possible to delay the completion. Infuriated slaves killed Sherghazi Khan in the uncompleted madrasah in 1720. His Mausoleum is connected to the western corner of the madrasah's main facade. The starting dates and date of completion of the madrasah construction can be found in the work of historian Munis. Serghazi Khan madrasah is among the oldest and largest in Khiva. Its entrance lies two meters below the street level due to the natural drop of relief and the growth of cemetery layers next to the Pahlavan Mahmud Mausoleum. This madrasah is one- and two-storey building (with two stories at the entrance) comprising a four-ayvan yard, suite of vestibule rooms and a lecturing hall at the transverse axis of the entrance group. Representatives of Khiva Khanate were not the only ones who got education at this madrasah; there were students from Turkmenistan, including famous Turkmen poet Makhtumkuli. More >>

Tolib Makhsum Madrasah (1910) - (Ichan-Kala) Tolib Makhsum Madrasah (1910) - (Ichan-Kala) It is adjoining the northern walls of Islam Khodja Madrasah, it was built by a scribe Talib Makhsum, one of the Khan's confidants. The construction was supervised by Khiva's craftsmen Usto Khudaybergen Khodja and Usto Kalandar Kochim. Mostly this madrasah trained calligraphers. The center of the Madrasah composition is a rectangular yard, which includes asymmetrically located rooms. The portal is decorated with brick technique called sharafa. The upper dandana includes scattered green bricks, white a blue tiles. More >>

Yaqubbai Khodja Madrasah (1873) - (Ichan-Kala) Yaqubbai Khodja Madrasah (1873) - (Ichan-Kala) The madrasah is located in the western part of Pahlavan Mahmud Mausoleum. It was erected by Yaqubbay Khodja, a prosperous Khiva merchant. The Madrasah is rectangular when viewed from above and elongated along the west-east longitudinal axis. The vestibule group is limited to a single pass-through domed room, which opens onto the yard with an arched doorway. There is a small domed mosque in the north-eastern corner of the Madrasah. As different from larger madrasahs, hujras adjoin the yard on the long side instead of the short one. More >>

Yusuf Yassaulbashi (1906) - (Ichan-Kala) Yusuf Yassaulbashi (1906) - (Ichan-Kala) The Madrasah is located opposite Musa Tura Madrasah, it was built by the master Kalandar Kochum with the money of Yussuf Yassaulbashi, head of the Khan's police. Yassaulbashi controlled prisons, took care of the Khan's security, guarded secret documents and was the commander of military units consisting of hired nomadic tribes. The yassaulbashi's office was at the Tash Khauli palace. Yussuf Yassaulbashi Madrasah is a typical madrasah, rectangular if viewed from above, with small guldasta on the corners. Presently this Madrasah houses offices of a Makhallya council. More >>

Bikanjan Bika Madrasah (1894) - (Dishan-Kala) Bikanjan Bika Madrasah (1894) - (Dishan-Kala) It is located across the square opposite Ata-Darvaza. Construction of the Madrasah was initiated by one of Khiva Khan's sons but after the pedestal was completed he died, and the work was halted for four years. Bikajan Bika, Muhammad Rahimkhan II's sister, decided to finish the construction. But the work was resumed without first getting the Khan's permission, and the latter prohibited unauthorized construction. Thus the work was frozen for further seven years. Later, when the court informed the Khan, that it was his sister who was building the Madrasah, permission was granted and the Madrasah was completed. The Madrasah appeared in the area of highly respected burial of Sheikh Kalandar Bobo. The name of the crafts-man who actually built the complex was Usta Avul. Four meters from the portal, almost in the center of the main facade is a minaret. More >>

Khorezmshakh Madrasah (1915) - (Dishan-Kala) Khorezmshakh Madrasah (1915) - (Dishan-Kala) It was erected on the order of Khiva's Khan Isfandiyarkhan around the tomb of Khorezmshakh killed in 1622 by Arab Muhammadkhan's son Ilbars. The one-storey Madrasah is elongated from the south to the north. There are a winter mosque and 12 hujras at the Madrasah. In 1918 Isfandiyarkhan was buried in one of the hujras after he had been killed by Turkmens. When the Khanate was abolished, the Madrasah housed a school. More >>

Mamat Maram Madrasah (1903) - (Dishan-Kala) Mamat Maram Madrasah (1903) - (Dishan-Kala) It is located at the crossing of K.Baltayev and Anash Khalfa Streets, it was erected by one of the most influential officials and advisors of Khan Muhammad Rahim II. Mamat Marama Madrasah and Mosque represent a type of complex, simultaneously designed and constructed buildings, which combine the functions of a madrasah and a quarter mosque with a minaret. The Madrasah had in its possession 7327 tanaps of vaquf lands (1 tanap - 334.4 m2 ). The building is elongated from the south to the north and made of square baked bricks. The facade faces the south and is shifted somewhat to the west. Three corners, with the exception of the southwestern one, are flanked with small corner guldasta towers. Protruding in the southwestern corner is an assembly of auxiliary rooms of the mosque and minaret, which adjoin the two-domed straight vestibule. More >>

Palvan Kari Madrasah (1905) - (Dishan-Kala) Palvan Kari Madrasah (1905) - (Dishan-Kala) The Madrasah is located at the crossing of Palvan Kari and Kariev streets. This Madrasah was built by a rich Khiva's merchant Palvan Kari. Palvan Kari was one of the Muhammad Rahimkhan II's confidants. He played a major part in improving trade relations with Russia, Bukhara and Turkey. With the income received in those deals Palvan Kari decided to erect this architectural complex. Ruzmat, Masharip's son, was in charge of the construction. The Madrasah is elongated from the south to the north and consists of 17 hujras, summer and winter mosques and a tall minaret. Decorative elements are concentrated on the main facade only. More >>

Sayid Muhammad Khan Madrasah (1864) - (Dishan-Kala) Sayid Muhammad Khan Madrasah (1864) - (Dishan-Kala) It is located in Dishan-Kala, in a picturesque place near aryk Sirchali, it was built after the death of Khiva's Khan Sayyid Muhammadkhan by his son Sayyid Muhammad Rahimkhan II (Feruz). Muhammed Murat (Matmurat), Commander-in-Chief of the Khan's army, supervised the construction. More >>

Tort Shavvaz Madrasah (1885) - (Dishan-Kala) Tort Shavvaz Madrasah (1885) - (Dishan-Kala) The Madrasah is located in Dishan-Kala at the crossing of R. Allaberganov and Tort Shavvaz Streets. Construction started in 1875 and was fully completed in 1885 during the rule of Muhammad Rahimkhan II. It was a cult memorial ensemble; at the present, there are three madrasahs, mosque, khauz (pond), minaret and mausoleum. The buildings are skillfully structured around a square khauz lined with trees on the perimeter. Next to it is located a sardoba. The center of the whole ensemble is the mosque - a capital four-column domed building with one-sided four-row ayvan on carved wood columns at the main facade. There is a small minaret at the mosque. Additionally, the complex includes three small dilapidated madrasahs with, immured entrances, used as cemeteries, as well as a mazar-mausoleum. Yafandiyarj I and his three military leaders were buried in the three immured madrasahs and the mazar. For this reason, people call this complex "Tort Shavvaz" ("Four. Braves"). More >>

Ibrahim Khodja Madrasah (1888) - (Khiva District) Ibrahim Khodja Madrasah (1888) - (Khiva District) It is located on the territory of Pahlavan Mahmud collective farm in Khiva district. It was erected by one of Khiva's Khan Muhammad Rahimkhan II's confidants Ibrahim Khodja. The Madrasah is a one-storey building elongated from the south to the north. Though smaller in size than Allah Kuli Khan and Muhammad Rahimkhan madrasahs, it owned much larger vaquf lands than the above mentioned madrasahs. More >>

Islam Khodja Minaret (1910) - (Ichan-Kala) Islam Khodja Minaret (1910) - (Ichan-Kala) The minaret was built by Islam Khodja, who was Khan's Prime minister. Minaret is a symbol of Khiva, the shape of it ascends to early places-prototypes (Kunya-Urgench XIV) and very narrowed at its top. On the minaret, bands of brick masonry are alternated by a band of a glazed pattern. Standing 56.6m. high, the minaret has a base diameter of 9,5m. More >>

Dzhuma Mosque Minaret (10th to 13th centuries) - (Ichan-Kala) Dzhuma Mosque Minaret (10th to 13th centuries) - (Ichan-Kala) Adjoining Dzhuma Mosque, this is the oldest, minaret in Khiva. It has been restored in place of the minaret, which collapsed in 12th century, by one of the Khan's significant officials Abdurakhman Mekhtar. Differently from other minarets in Khiva, it hardly has any decorations. Dimensions: height - 33 m.; foundation diameter - 6.5 m. More >>

Kaltar Minaret (1855) - (Ichan-Kala) Kaltar Minaret (1855) - (Ichan-Kala) Minaret Kaltar minar (short) was conceived as the largest in the whole Muslim East (diameter of bottom - 14.2m.). But the building was halted at a height of 29m. People also call it Guyok minar ("green minaret"). According to Khiva's historian Munis, the construction was not finished because of the Khan's death in 1855. The minaret was to become so tall that "one could see Bukhara from it." The minaret diameter rapidly reduces with height which makes it ever steadier; it was planned to be 70 till 80 meters high. According to the legend, the Emir of Bukhara, when he learned about the construction of a unique minaret in Khiva, decided to build a similar one in Bukhara and made an agreement with the craftsman that he will do it after completing his current job. Khiva's Khan learned about it and gave an order to kill the craftsman immediately after the construction was finished. The craftsman picked up this news and fled leaving the minaret unfinished. The minaret is unique both due to its size and unusual decor. It is the only minaret entirely covered by a set of glazed bricks and majolica. More >>

Tura Murad-Tura Minaret (1888) - (Ichan-Kala) Tura Murad-Tura Minaret (1888) - (Ichan-Kala) It is located opposite the north-western corner of Muhammad Rakhimhan Madrasah, it was built next to quarter (makhallya) mosque bearing the same name by tura Murad-Tura, brother of Muhammad Rakhimhan II. The minaret is made of baked bricks and decorated with "bows" and majolica belt in its upper part. Dimensions: height - 9m., foundation diameter - 3.2 m. More >>

 Abdal Bobo Minaret (18th century) - (Dishan-Kala) Abdal Bobo Minaret (18th century) - (Dishan-Kala) The minaret is located in K.Atayev Street in Deshan Qala. It was built as a part of an ensemble bearing the same name after the death of Pahlavan Ahmed Zamchi (his real name was Abdal Bobo). The minaret is small but expressive in its shape with a somewhat fattened core radically reducing in diameter and crowned with a delicate sharafa cornice. Dimensions: height - 10 m.; foundation diameter - 3,3 m. More >>

Bikajan-Bika Minaret (1903) - (Dishan-Kala) Bikajan-Bika Minaret (1903) - (Dishan-Kala) It is located near the western gate of Ichan Kala's Ata-Darvaza, it was built opposite the facade of a madrasah bearing the same name. The minaret was built by a craftsman named Usta Avul. Dimensions: height - 20 m.; diameter of foundation - 6 m. More >>

Chilli Avliya Minaret (19th century) - (Dishan-Kala) Chilli Avliya Minaret (19th century) - (Dishan-Kala) It is located on the site of the madrasah bearing the same name near the crossing with the K.Yakubov Street in Dishan-Kala. Made of baked bricks, it has four arched openings and inner stairs decorated with majolica belts. Dimensions: height - 12 m.; foundation - 3.5 m. More >>

Kaptarkhon Minaret (19th century) - (Dishan-Kala) Kaptarkhon Minaret (19th century) - (Dishan-Kala) It is located in the site of quarter mosque bearing the same name. There are four openings in the upper part where the muezzin reads "azana". The Minaret is made of baked bricks and decorated with figured brickwork; only the cornice has a belt of blue tiles. Dimensions: height is 8 m.; foundation diameter is 2 m. More >>

Muhammad Maram Minaret (1903) - (Dishan-Kala) Muhammad Maram Minaret (1903) - (Dishan-Kala) It is located at the crossing of K.Baltayev and Anash Khalfa Streets, it was built in a united complex with Muhammad Makhram Madrasah and Mosque. The Minaret adjoins the southwestern corner of the madrasah. There is a thin decorative belt of baked slip glaze tiles of violet and white color. A copper "kubba" remained intact in the upper part of the Minaret. Dimensions: height is 19 m.; foundation diameter is 4.2 m. More >>

Palvan Kari Minaret (1905) - (Dishan-Kala) Palvan Kari Minaret (1905) - (Dishan-Kala) It is erected at the crossing of Palvan Kari and M.Kariyev Streets in Dishan-Kala. The Minaret made of baked bricks was built by an important Khorezm merchant Palvan Kari near a madrasah and mosque bearing the same name. This Minaret is one of the most beautiful in Dishan-Kala. Slender conical silhouette of the minaret crowned with a splendid stalactite sharafa is viewed in a common perspective together with Ichan-Kala and Dishan-Kala minarets. The core top is decorated with horizontal belts of figured brickwork intertwining with tiers of paired brickwork with green "bows". Dimensions: height is 21 m.; foundation diameter is 5 m. More >>

Sayyid Niyaz Shalikarbay Minaret (1835 to 1845) - (Dishan-Kala) Sayyid Niyaz Shalikarbay Minaret (1835 to 1845) - (Dishan-Kala) It is located next to a madrasah with the same name. It was built by architects with a well-developed sense of proportion and delicate artistic taste. The minaret is one of the oldest in Khiva. The upper part of the minaret is equipped with four large arched openings. Dimensions: height is 24 m.; foundation diameter is 4 m. More >>

Tort Shavvaz Minaret (1885) - (Dishan-Kala) Tort Shavvaz Minaret (1885) - (Dishan-Kala) The minaret was built at the entrance to the architectural complex bearing the same name next to the crossing of R.Allabergenov and Tort Shovvoz Streets. It is decorated with green "bows" and has four majolica belts. Arched openings are covered with panjara. Because of its very poor condition the minaret was restored in 1996. Dimensions: height is 12 m.; foundation diameter is 2.5 m. More >>

Shakhimardon Minaret (18th century) - (Khiva District) Shakhimardon Minaret (18th century) - (Khiva District) Built between madrasah bearing the same name and mosque, it is located in the territory of Pahlavan Mahmud collective farm. This Minaret, the smallest in Khiva, is decorated with green "bows". Dimensions: height is 5 m.; foundation diameter is 1.5 m. More >>

Shikhmavlon Minaret (19th century) - (Khiva District) Shikhmavlon Minaret (19th century) - (Khiva District) Located in the territory of Agakhi collec-tive farm, it is a part of a mosque with the same name. The Minaret and mosque were restored in the eve of Agakhi's 190th anniversary while the madrasah and mausoleum previously destroyed were built anew. The Minaret is made of baked bricks and has spiral stairs leading to four arched openings. Dimensions: height is 10 m.; foundation diameter is 3.2 m. More >>

Pakhlavan Mahmud Mausoleum (14th to 16th centuries) - (Ichan-Kala) Pakhlavan Mahmud Mausoleum (14th to 16th centuries) - (Ichan-Kala) It is the largest dome in Khiva covered with blue glazed tiles with shining gilded top. Built in honor of the famous Khiva poet and undefeated professional wrestler, the city's pir (patron saint) and healer Pahlavan Makhmud. Originaly the mausoleum was modest, but it rapidly grew into a pilgrim site with a great number of hujras, khanaka and mosques. In 17th century, an entrance portal to the mausoleum was built on the south side. In 1719, Sherghazi Khan, when building a new madrasah south of the cemetery, oriented it strictly towards PaKlavan Mahmud Mausoleum. In 1810, after a successful raid to Kungrad, Muhammad Rahimkhan I decided to alter the ensemble drastically. Late constructions have spread to the east and partly to the south from the ancient mausoleum. The annex to the Mausoleum was planned as a grand family burial vault for kungrads. Marble headstones of Abulgazikhan (1663) and Anushakhan (1681) were moved to the new building and installed next to the burial niche of Muhammad Rahimkhan; there is Elbars II's epitaph (1728 to1740) in the portal pylon. During the rule of Allah Kuli Khan the building was decorated with majolica tiles. The 1810 construction was supervised by craftsman Adina Muhammad Murad from Khozarasp; majolica tiles dating back to 1825, when another side gallery was added, were manufactured by Nur Muhammad, son of Usto Kalandar Khivaki, and Sufi Muhammad, son of Abdal Jabbar. Abdullah Jin was the author of pictures. A craftsman Nadir Muhammad made a wooden door in 1893-1894. At the end of 19th century, the cemetery was separated after the construction of four karikhanas and Yaqubbay Khodja madrasah. In 1913, a two-storey building was erected in the yard in front of the mausoleum. Burial vaults of Isfandiyarkhan's mother and son as well as his own burial site are located in the rooms of that building. According to the common version, Isfandiyar who died outside Ichan-Kala, at Nurullabay'a Palace, was not buried in his burial place; his son Temur Gazi after he was poisoned was buried not here but in Sayyid Makhiruy Jakhan Mausoleum next to his grand-father. Construction of the magnificent architectural complex was completed after an ayvan on carved columns was erected in the southeastern part of the yard. More >>

Payando Mausoleum (16th century) - (Ichan-Kala) Payando Mausoleum (16th century) - (Ichan-Kala) This one-domed portal mausoleum with a basement burial vault located on the south side of Dzhuma Mosque. The facade is equipped with high east-facing portal deco-rated with a pattern of ganch. Three meters in front of the portal is an underground passage, which serves as a special entrance to the burial place. There is a ziaratkhana in the upper room. More >>

Sayyid Alovaddin Mausoleum (1303) - (Ichan-Kala) Sayyid Alovaddin Mausoleum (1303) - (Ichan-Kala) The crypt is adjoining the eastern walls of Matniyaz Devan-begi Madrasah, it was built in honor of the great Sufi sheikh died in 1303. A burial vault with a dome and unique majolica headstone was erected in the first half of the 14th century and later in the 17th century a ziarat khana hall with a portal entrance facing the opposite direction was added. The architecture of these rooms has been influenced by different epochs: there are multi-layer archaic cellular pendentives and low-set dome in the gurkhana; on the other hand, the dome in the ziarat-khana is raised high on arched pendentives. More >>

Tugon Turak Mausoleum (19th century) - (Ichan-Kala) Tugon Turak Mausoleum (19th century) - (Ichan-Kala) The Mausoleum is located in Yussuf Tashpulatov Street in Ichan-Kala, in front of the north-western corner of Tash Khauli Palace. According to the existing evidence, the mausoleum was built in honor of Tugan Turak who originated from the Turkish Muslims and was one of Khiva's envoys of Kuteyba Ibn Muslim who conquered Khorezm in 712. Mausoleum was rebuilt in the 19th century. More >>

Uch Avliya Bobo Mausoleum (16th to 20th century) - (Ichan-Kala) Uch Avliya Bobo Mausoleum (16th to 20th century) - (Ichan-Kala) This Mausoleum is located near the western walls of Tash Khauli. The monument commemorates three saints. A vast hall of the mausoleum is covered with a dome on arched pendentives with cellular filling of corners characteristic for Khorezm. The mausoleum was closely surrounded by late burials (sagana). The earliest date - 1561 - can be found on the panel of the carved door. The craftsman's name written on the carved entrance door is Abdullah Ibn Sayyid. Judging by the inscriptions, the Mausoleum was repaired in 1821-1822, some brickwork of the portal and few arcs were replaced. At the beginning of the 80's of the 20th century the portal was damaged by heavy rains; besides, the column ayvan of the mosque in front of the mausoleum portal was severely damaged, too. After the restoration of the monument and redeveloping of the surrounding territory the mausoleum became one of the most frequently visited places. More >>

Yunusakhan Mausoleum (1558 to 1559) - (Ichan-Kala) Yunusakhan Mausoleum (1558 to 1559) - (Ichan-Kala) The Mausoleum is located south of Hojash Makhram Madrasah. It is a longitudinal-axis two-domed portal mausoleum with a crypt under a gurkhana with its central axis oriented in south-north direction. Both rooms are covered with spherical conical domes on arched pedantries. Yusunkhan was one of preventatives of the Khorezmkhan's dynasty. He was buried in one of the rooms. It is yet unknown who was buried in the second vault. More >>

Abdal Bobo Mausoleum (8th to 18th centuries) - (Dishan-Kala) Abdal Bobo Mausoleum (8th to 18th centuries) - (Dishan-Kala) This Mausoleum is located in the eastern part of Dishan-Kala, south of Abdullah Nasfurush Madrasah, east of Palvan Kari Madrasah. The Mausoleum was erected in honor of Abdal Bobo whose real name was Palvan Ahmad Zamchiy. After Arabs' invasion Abdal Bobo became one of the followers and promoters of Islamic religion in Khiva. After his death a winter and summer mosque, a minaret, a khauz and a cemetery appeared around the place of his burial. Abdal Bobo Mausoleum was built in Bukhara style. Abdal Bobo who came from kishlak Zamchi in Bukhara was the great-grandson of Prophet Muhammad. More >>

Sayyid Muhammad Makhiruy Mausoleum (19th century) - (Dishan-Kala) Sayyid Muhammad Makhiruy Mausoleum (19th century) - (Dishan-Kala) It is located on Sirchaly aryk in Amir Timur Street. A compound memorial complex consists of three groups of monumental structures including burial sites of several Khiva khans. Sayyid Muhammadkhan, Muhammad Rahimkhan II (Feruz) and his grandson Temurghazi Tura, Isfandiyarkhan's son were buried here. In special cells around the Mausoleum there are tombs of the Khiva khans' descendants, their wives and children. As the legends say, once there lived in these parts a Sufi sheikh called Chadirli Ishan. After his death he was buried here, and the cemetery that grew around his tomb got the name of Chadirly Ishan. In the second half of 19th century, Sayyid Muhammadkhan ordered to erect a mausoleum over the sheikh's tomb. As a result of further construction, the complex turned into the Khiva khans' family crypt. Next to it is the burial site of Islam Khodja. More >>

Shakalandar Bobo Mausoleum (16th century) - (Dishan-Kala) Shakalandar Bobo Mausoleum (16th century) - (Dishan-Kala) This mausoleum is located southwest from Bikadjan Bika Madrasah, it was built in the center of the cemetery bearing the same name. According to the legends, Shakalandar Bobo, or Sheikh Kakandar Bobo was a Sufi sheikh and arrived in Khiva together with his two brothers who were dervishes. The Mausoleum is a one-domed portal burial vault. The Mausoleum portal with a folding door in Baghdadai style faces the north. The Mausoleum was restored in 1997. More >>

Bibi Hojar Mausoleum (1846) - (Khiva District) Bibi Hojar Mausoleum (1846) - (Khiva District) It is located in Ruzmat Madaminov collective farm, it is a large memorial complex that includes a mausoleum, winter mosque and cemetery. Bibi Hojar was the mother of great thinker, teacher and valiy-tarosh ("creator of valiys") Najmiddin Kubro. The Mausoleum was built long after her death during the rule of Muhammad Rahimkhan, which is proved by the inscription on the winter mosque column. The Mausoleum and adjacent structures were restored before the 850th anniversary of Nadjmiddin Kubro's birthday. More >>

 Shaikh Mavlon Bobo Mausoleum (19th century) - [ Khiva District ] Shaikh Mavlon Bobo Mausoleum (19th century) - [ Khiva District ] The Mausoleum is located in the territory of Sheikh Mavlon Bobo cemetery in Agakhi collective farm, Khiva district. In the 19th century, a minaret, mosque and madrasah were erected in the cemetery territory on Allah Kuli Khan's order. By the beginning of the 20th century, a cemetery grew around the Mausoleum. Right here, around Sheikh Mavlon Bobo Mausoleum, is the burial site of Munis, historian and translator who served as mirab and scribe in the Khiva Khanate, as well as the burial site of his nephew Aghakhi. More >>

Shakhimardan Mausoleum (18th century) - (Khiva District) Shakhimardan Mausoleum (18th century) - (Khiva District) Is located 500 meters west of Dishan-Kala in Pahlavan Mahmud collective farm. The cemetery around the Mausoleum started growing in the 18th century. People connect the burial site with the name of prophet Khazrat Ali's son-in-law. In fact, Khorezmshakh's standard bearer or shokhimardon ("the shakh of brave warriors") was first buried here. Later warriors and military leaders killed in combat were buried here. Shakhimaradan Mausoleum stands in the very center of the memorial complex with a madrasah (late 19th century) and karikhana (1908) around it. There are also Toza makhrama, Shakhsuvar makhrama madrasah and a mausoleum where Toz Makhram's family members are buried, as well as Sardorbay madrasah and korikhona. More >>

Allah Kuli Khan Caravanserai (1832-1833) - (Ichan-Kala) Allah Kuli Khan Caravanserai (1832-1833) - (Ichan-Kala) It was erected in 1832-1833 on Allah Kuli Khan's order opposite the Tash Khauli Palace outside Ichan-Kala walls which were destroyed in this place. The construction was necessary to promote the international trade. This is the only preserved caravanserai of Khorezm. The building is rectangular and elongated from the south to the north. There is a spacious yard at the two-storied building. The caravanserai was built based on a madrasah design and consisted of 105 rooms. Residential rooms were on the first floor while store-rooms and trade counters were located on the ground floor. In this way Khiva caravanserai replicated the oldest type of this kind of buildings. Dimensions: 69 x 58 m; 46.3 x 42.4 m. More >>

Allah Kuli Khan Tim (1836-1838) - (Ichan-Kala) Allah Kuli Khan Tim (1836-1838) - (Ichan-Kala) After Allah Kuli Khan built the caravanserai in 1832-1833, which served as hotel, warehouse and trading passage, it became obvious that a roofed bazaar, or tim should be added to it. The Tim constructed in 1836-1838 successfully combined the functions of the city gate, bazaar and Caravanserai "vestibule". Now the Caravanserai and tim are viewed as a united structure. Actual trading in the Tim took place in the lateral stalls where the merchants stayed with their goods. One could buy here not only local goods but also Russian and English cotton fabrics for robes, silk shawls, high boots from Bukhara, kitchenware from China, etc. A Raiys was in charge of scales accuracy and general order. He was empowered to settle disputes on site using taxes or whipping. The customs at the gate collected duties for goods exported or imported. Dimensions: 74 x 26.5 m., domes diameters are 9.5 to 6 m. More >>

Palvan Kari Trade House (1905) - (Ichan-Kala) Palvan Kari Trade House (1905) - (Ichan-Kala) Located opposite the eastern walls of Kunya Ark, it was built in 1905 by Khiva's merchant Palvan Kari. Palvan Kari Trade House mostly dealt in fabrics, perfumes, clothes and other goods delivered from Russian fairs in Orenburg, Astrakhan or Nizhny Novgorod. By 1913, the trading network of the House expanded greatly; for instance, it began selling and repairing Singer sewing machines. Nowadays the building has been restored and houses a bookstore and souvenir shops. More >>

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WADU 01. Adventures in Uzbekistan WADU 01. Adventures in Uzbekistan
Incentive tours to Uzbekistan Incentive tours to Uzbekistan
WCUZ 01. Classic Uzbekistan WCUZ 01. Classic Uzbekistan
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Country Hotels Uzbekistan Country Hotels Uzbekistan
WCUZ 03. Uzbekistan - Oriental Fairy Tale WCUZ 03. Uzbekistan - Oriental Fairy Tale
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WCUZ 02. All Uzbekistan WCUZ 02. All Uzbekistan
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WCUT 01. From Kyzylkum Desert up to Tien-Shan Mountains WCUT 01. From Kyzylkum Desert up to Tien-Shan Mountains
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WCUT 02. To UNESCO World Heritage in Central Asia WCUT 02. To UNESCO World Heritage in Central Asia
WCUT 03. Along Alexander Macedonskiy Road WCUT 03. Along Alexander Macedonskiy Road
WUTK 01. Pamir – The Roof of the World WUTK 01. Pamir – The Roof of the World
WEFU 01. Mountain flowers in Uzbekistan WEFU 01. Mountain flowers in Uzbekistan
WCRU 01. On Baktrian camel through Kyzyl-Kum desert WCRU 01. On Baktrian camel through Kyzyl-Kum desert
WHKU 02. To the source of Paltau-say WHKU 02. To the source of Paltau-say
Price: 70 USD 
WJUZ 01. On Jeeps to Aral Sea through Kizil-kums WJUZ 01. On Jeeps to Aral Sea through Kizil-kums
Tour to Fergana Valley Tour to Fergana Valley
Fergana valley - Garden of Uzbekistan Fergana valley - Garden of Uzbekistan
WCRU 01. On Baktrian camel through Kyzyl-Kum desert WCRU 01. On Baktrian camel through Kyzyl-Kum desert
Uzbekistan Hotels in Tashkent Samarkand Bukhara Khiva Uzbekistan Hotels in Tashkent Samarkand Bukhara Khiva
Bukhara Hotels Bukhara Hotels
Samarkand Hotels Samarkand Hotels
Khiva Hotels Khiva Hotels
Tashkent Hotels Tashkent Hotels

Usbekistan Bergsteigen


Country Hotels Uzbekistan Country Hotels Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan Mountain Rafting Uzbekistan Mountain Rafting
Uzbekistan Mountain Hiking Uzbekistan Mountain Hiking
Price: 40 USD 
Uzbekistan Mountain Trekking Uzbekistan Mountain Trekking
Price: 225 USD 
Uzbekistan Mountain Canyoning Uzbekistan Mountain Canyoning
Price: 137 USD 
Uzbekistan Mountain Climbing Uzbekistan Mountain Climbing
Price: 137 USD 
Uzbekistan Mountain Waterfalling Uzbekistan Mountain Waterfalling
Price: 67 USD 
Rock Climbing Festival in Yangiabad Rock Climbing Festival in Yangiabad
Price: 200 USD 
Uzbekistan Snowboarding & Snow-skiing Uzbekistan Snowboarding & Snow-skiing
Price: 550 USD 
Heli-skiing Uzbekistan Heli-skiing Uzbekistan
Price: 3500 USD 
Uzbekistan Mountain Horseback-Riding Uzbekistan Mountain Horseback-Riding

Hotel Nebesa, Resort

Crokus Park Resort, Hotel in Charvak. Cottages, Price
Uzbekistan Tashkent - Uzbekistan Hotel  Chimgan: Snow Conditions & Ski Report  Travel and Tourism Central Asia  Uzbekistan hotels  Trekking in Fann Mountains  

Hotels & Tours - Reisen und Tourismus in Zentralasien

Abenteuer Zentralasien   Trekking in den Fan Bergen   Kirgistan Bergsteigen   Kirgistan Reisen   Usbekistan Touren   Abenteuer Tadschikistan   Pakistan Bergsteigen   Abenteuer-Touren in China   Himalaja Abenteuer Reisen   Himalaja Piks Bergsteigen   Trekking in Himalajas   Seidenstrasse   Usbekistan Bergsteigen   Buchara Sehenswurdigkeiten   Tashkent Sehenswurdigkeiten   Samarkand Sehenswurdigkeiten   Chiwa Sehenswurdigkeiten   Museen   Restaurants   Nationale Kunst und Handwerk in Usbekistan   Russland Abenteuer Touren   Hotels in Usbekistan   Hotels in Taschkent   Hotels in Buchara   Hotels in Samarkand   Hotels in Chiwa   Land Hotels   Hotels in Kirgistan   Issyk-Kul
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